Category - Herniated Disc
Herniated Disc: A herniated disc is referred to as a problem with one of the rubbery cushions (discs) between the individual bones (vertebrae) that stack up to make the spine.
A spinal disc has a soft center encased within a tougher exterior. Sometimes called a slipped disc or a ruptured disc, a herniated disc occurs when some of the soft centers push out through a tear in the tougher exterior causing pain.
A herniated disc can also irritate the surrounding nerves which can cause pain, numbness or weakness in an arm or leg. On the other hand, many people have experienced no symptoms from a herniated disk. Most people who have a herniated disc will not need surgery to correct the problem.
Most herniated disks occur in the lower back or the lumbar spine, although they can also occur in the neck or the cervical spine. Most common symptoms of a herniated disk:
Arm or leg pain: A herniated disk in the lower back is typically where an individual will feel the most intense pain. It can be felt in the buttocks, thigh, and calf and may also involve parts of the foot. If the herniated disc is in the neck however, the pain will typically be most intense in the shoulder and arm. This pain may shoot into the arm or leg when coughing, sneezing or moving spine into certain positions.
Numbness or tingling: A herniated disk can feel like numbness or tingling in the body part that is served by the affected nerves. This is referred to the pins and needles effect.
Weakness: The muscles served by the affected nerves tend to weaken. This may cause a person to stumble or impair their ability to lift or hold items.
Someone can have a herniated disc without knowing and sometimes a herniated discs will show up on spinal images of people who have no symptoms of a disc problem.
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